Image by Thomas Dwyer (source: Flickr)

Natural disasters are unpredictable and can traumatize any individual irrespective of their caste, creed, sex, age or gender. It has various forms like flood, lightening, earthquake, volcanic eruptions etc. It can damage or totally annihilate your immediate environment and its effects can be evident for a much long time after it passes away. A natural disaster can damage the whole community as well. The children who undergo these disasters experience their effects for a long time. It many a times causes relocations of the families and communities as well. Thus people living in more disaster prone areas should learn the coping techniques. They should design ways to manage the trauma and ill effects the natural disaster cause on human psychology.

Schools teachers and parents should view the impact of the natural disasters after its immediate passing. They should teach the children how to change the frightening events of the natural disaster in a learning experience. Supporting relationships and coping strategies should be evolved to help children understand the disaster event. Disaster management sessions and mock drills should be conducted in the schools and societies to make all age group of people learn how to behave when the real disaster occurs. State and federal organization, non-profit groups etc should all carry door to door programs for making the society more aware about the disaster management techniques and aspects. This will substantially reduce the damages and the people will be able to cope with the disasters in more effective way. This also provides for better healing of the traumatized and effected in the aftermath of the disaster.

The natural disasters can cause various effects on different age group of population:

Adolescent: Agitation, eating and sleeping disturbances, delinquent behavior, physical deformities and poor concentration.

Elementary school children: Aggressiveness, irritability, school avoidance and nightmares, withdrawal from social activities and lesser concentration.

Preschoolers: Bed wetting, thumb sucking, fear of dark and other type of phobias, social withdrawal, loss of appetite etc.

Various kinds of natural disasters and their management techniques:

Hurricanes:

Hurricanes damage the community by rain, thunder and lightning. The sudden advent of hurricane causes panic reactions in the population, especially children. They many a times suffer the survivor guilt. Though hurricanes are predicted now by week in advance, by the weather department by the usage of advanced technology, the specific location of the hurricane could not be yet determined. Since they can be predicted, they are less dangerous and necessary measures should be taken in advance to prevent the extent of damage that might be caused.

Earthquakes:

Earthquakes occur without warning. The surprise element makes the earthquake much more dangerous. Also, unlike any other natural disaster, they have aftershocks. So you cannot get relaxed when the initial phase of earth shaking is over. As of now, there are no measures which can tell when an earthquake is going to occur and at which location. Therefore the community has to cope with the destruction. There are some ways to reduce the damages though. Japan witnesses a lot of earthquakes. They run mock drills of the earthquake scenario and have houses built of woods and other material which do not cause life loss during earthquake occurrence. Such measures should be adopted by all societies which fear an earthquake occurrence in their area.

Floods:

Floods may destruct the whole area in which they occur. Thankfully, they can be predicted by mere observation also. Therefore, you need to relocate to another area when you find yourself in a flood situation. You should also transfer your valuables to a safer place. Since flood do not recede and move back overnight, you should make long term arrangements for some other habitation.

Wildfires:

Wildfires are equally destructive though they can be controlled to a certain extent. But they often erupt abruptly and hence cause fear and anxiety in the population. Loss of life is often averted, but the material damages are immense.

People can be made to cope with natural disasters by family and friend support. They should develop resiliency. Relocation is also one major route to avoid stress and trauma. The population should be emotionally less involved and should take the disaster at a more practical level of understanding.

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Guest post by Amanda Kidd.
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Amanda Kidd is a blogger and a nature lover who deeply believes in the concept of green living and clean environment. She is currently busy in growing her organic garden and is trying her hand in writing on environmental allergies and problems caused by them. She is opting for topics related to sinus congestion.

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