A car loaded with refuse in one of São Paulo’s slums, photo by Milton Jung CBNSP (source: Flickr Creative Commons)

Many of Brazil’s ultra-poor survive by recycling in the cities or farming in the Amazon in underground economies that both harm and help local and global ecology. A similar dichotomy is reflected in Brazil’s legitimate energy and farming markets.

‘If the desecration of the rainforest is Brazil’s carbon footprint, it is ethanol and hydro that ensure that 50% of the country’s energy usage rates as renewable.’


–John Snow, ITN


ITN’s John Snow reports from Brazil on the South American country’s contrasting urbanization and farming; illegal logging, rainforest preservation, deforestation and renewable energy production; waste and recycling; and rich and poor. There are great lessons to be learned – both good and bad – from this nation of massive ecological resources and ingenuity.

Brazil’s eco balance – CNN/ITN

About The Author: Graham Land

Greenfudge editor and London-based writer Graham Land grew up in the suburbs of Washington, DC, where he was part of the local hardcore punk scene, playing in several bands. Through this musical movement he became involved in grass roots interests such as anti-racist activism, animal rights and Ecology. In 2000 he relocated to Europe, eventually earning an MA from Malmö University in Sweden. He has also lived in Japan, Ireland, Portugal and Greece.


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